4/13/2010

The founders of Bioethics

Daniel Callahan, Ph.D.

Senior Research Scholar and President Emeritus, The Hastings Center
Co- director, Yale-Hastings Program in Ethics and Health Policy
Co-Founder and Past President, The Hastings Center

Daniel Callahan is Senior Research Scholar and President Emeritus of the Center. He was its cofounder in 1969 and served as its president between 1969 and 1996. He is also co-director of the Yale-Hastings Program in Ethics and Health Policy. Over the years his research and writing have covered a wide range of issues, from the beginning until the end of life. In recent years, he has focused his attention on ethics and health policy.

Edmund Pellegrino, M.D.

Recent Chair, President's Council of Bioethics, Past Director, Kennedy Institute of Ethics

Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D. is John Carroll Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Medical Ethics and Senior Research Scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University. Dr. Pellegrino is the former Director of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, the Center for the Advanced Study of Ethics and the Center for Clinical Bioethics at Georgetown and recently stepped down as Chairman of the President's Council on Bioethics.

Al Jonsen, Ph.D.

Pioneer Bioethicist, University of California, Author of the most widely used bioethics text for physicians

At the University of California, San Francisco, Al Jonsen became one of the first professors of bioethics in a medical school. He pioneered the teaching of bioethics to medical students, residents, and faculty members and organized a course on medical ethics that became a requirement for all medical students. Prof. Jonsen started his academic career as a Jesuit, teaching moral theology and ethics at the University of San Francisco, then served as the President of the University of San Francisco. He was a member of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subject of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, where he was a co-author of the Belmont Report. He also served on the President's Commission for the Study of Ethics in Medicine. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. He is currently Professor Emeritus of Ethics in Medicine, University of Washington and Co-director, Program in Medicine and Human Values, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco.

Alfonso Llano, S.J., Ph.D.

Director, Institute of Bioethics, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia, Founder, Latin American Federation of Bioethics

A Colombian Jesuit Priest. He holds a PhD in Philosophical Ethics from Gregorian University in Rome and a PhD in Moral Theology from Accademia Alfonsiana-Lateranense University in Rome. He is former Dean of the Faculty of Medicine as well as Ethics and Bioethics Professor at Javeriana University. He is former Director and Cofounder with father Gilberto Cely SJ of the Institute of Bioethics at Bogotá, Colombia. Also founded in 1991, together with Argentinean José Alberto Mainetti, the Latin American Federation of Bioethics (FELAIBE) that now includes almost all Latin-American countries. Founder in 2000 of Colombian National Center of Bioethics (CENALBE).

Diego Gracia, Ph.D.

Professor of History and Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Founder, master degree programs in bioethics in Spain, Latin America and Caribbean countries

Diego Gracia holds a medical degree and a doctorate in psychiatry, and has been a Professor of History of Medicine and Bioethics at the Medical Faculty of the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) since 1978. He has been Director of the Masters Degree in Bioethics at the University since 1988 and was Director of the Department of Public Health and History of Science at the University for 8 years. He also holds honorary Professorships at the School of Medicine of the University of Chile and at the San Marcos School of Medicine of Lima (Peru). He has been Director of the Regional Program of Bioethics for Latin America and Caribbean Countries of the Pan American Health Organization, Santiago (Chile). He is an appointed Member of the Royal National Academy of Medicine of Spain, a Fellow of the National Academy of Medicine of Chile and Director of the Zubiri Foundation of Madrid. He is President of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation for the Health Sciences of Madrid and Director of the Institute of Bioethics of the Foundation for the Health Sciences of Madrid.

H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., M.D.

Editor, Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Co-Editor, Christian Bioethics, Philosophy and Medicine, Clinical Medical Ethics and Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture book series, Professor of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Professor of Philosophy, Rice University

H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. is the Senior Editor of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, and of the journal Christian Bioethics. He is also senior editor of the Philosophy and Medicine book series with over one hundred volumes in print, and of the book series Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture. Engelhardt has authored over three hundred forty articles and chapters of books in addition to numerous book reviews and other publications. There have been over one hundred twenty reprintings or translations of his publications. He has also co-edited more than thirty volumes and has lectured widely throughout the world. His most recent work is The Foundations of Christian Bioethics (2000), which has been translated into Greek, Portuguese, and Romanian. The Foundations of Bioethics will appear in a third edition in 2011 through Oxford University Press.

James Childress, Ph.D.

Hollingswor th Professor of Ethics and Professor of Medical Education,University of Virginia, Director, Institute of Practical Ethics, University of Virginia

James F. Childress is the Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics and Professor of Medical Education at the University of Virginia, where he directs the Institute for Practical Ethics. He served as Chair of the Department of Religious Studies, 1972-1975 and 1986-1994, as Principal of UVA's Monroe Hill College from 1988 to 1991, and as co-director of the Virginia Health Policy Center 1991-1999. In 1990 he was named Professor of the Year in the state of Virginia by the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.

LeRoy Walters, Ph.D.

Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. Professor of Christian Ethics, Kennedy Institute of Ethics
Past Chair, Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee of the National Institutes of Health

LeRoy Walters is the Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. Professor of Christian Ethics at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University. He is also a professor in Georgetown University's Department of Philosophy. Professor Walters was educated at Messiah College, the Associated Mennonite Seminaries, the University of Heidelberg, the Free University of Berlin, and Yale University. The two major research interests of Professor Walters are bioethics and Holocaust studies. In recent years his academic attention and teaching have been increasingly focused on the history of the Jewish Holocaust, the life and thought of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, and the treatment of people with disabilities during the era of German National Socialism.

Lisa Sowle Cahill, Ph.D.

Professor of Theology at Boston College, Past President of the Catholic Theological Society of America, Past President of the Society of Christian Ethics
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Lisa Cahill's work in bioethics includes Theological Bioethics: Participation, Justice and Change (Georgetown University, 2005); Bioethics and the Common Good (Marquette University Press, 2004); and Genetics, Theology, Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Conversation (Crossroad, 2005).

Robert M. Veatch, Ph.D.

Professor of Medical Ethics, Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University
Senior Editor, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

Robert M. Veatch, is Professor of Medical Ethics and the former Director of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University. He also holds an appointment as Professor of Philosophy. He is the Senior Editor of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal and a former member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of the American Medical Association. He is the recipient of the Georgetown University Research Career Recognition Award, Georgetown University, Graduate School, 2005, and the Lifetime Achievement Award, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities, 2008. He was the Gifford Lecturer, University of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Tom Beauchamp, Ph.D.

Professor of Philosophy and Senior Research Scholar, Kennedy Institute of Ethics
Co-author, The Belmont Report

Tom L. Beauchamp joined the faculty of the Philosophy Department at Georgetown University in 1970, and in the mid-70s he accepted a joint appointment at Kennedy Institute of Ethics. In 1976, he joined the staff of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, where he wrote the bulk of The Belmont Report (1978).

Beauchamp is the co-author (with James Childress) of Principles of Biomedical Ethics (Oxford U. P., lst edn. 1979; 6th edn. 2009), the co-author (with Ruth Faden) of A History and Theory of Informed Consent (Oxford U. P., 1986), and co-author (with Alex Rosenberg) of Hume and the Problem of Causation (Oxford U. P., 1981). His book Philosophical Ethics (McGraw Hill, 1st edn. 1982; 3rd edn. 2001) is a widely used textbook for college courses in Ethics. It was the first text in general ethical theory to meld cases studies with ethical theory.

Beauchamp is one of three editors (together with David Fate Norton and M. A. Stewart) of the Clarendon Hume, a critical edition of the works of David Hume under continuous publication by Clarendon Press, Oxford. Beauchamp has himself issued three volumes in the Clarendon Hume (and two additional student volumes prepared for classroom use). All deal with Hume's theories of human nature, the limits of knowledge, moral philosophy, moral psychology, and philosophy of religion, based on Hume's works An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, A Dissertation on the Passions, and The Natural History of Religion. His co-authored book Hume and the Problem of Causation (Oxford University Press, 1981) has been widely discussed in the Hume literature.

In 2004 Beauchamp was given the Lifetime Achievement Award of the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH) in recognition of outstanding contributions and significant publications in bioethics and the humanities. In 2003, he was presented Georgetown University's Career Recognition Award, which is awarded to a faculty member in the university each year for distinguished research across an entire career. Earlier, in 1994, Indiana University awarded Beauchamp its "Memorial Award for Furthering Greater Understanding and Exchange of Opinions between the Professions of Law and Medicine."

Warren Reich, Ph.D.

Founder and Director, Project for the History of Care, Founding Editor, Encyclopedia for Bioethics

Professor Warren T. Reich is Distinguished Research Professor of Religion and Ethics and Professor Emeritus of Bioethics at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. He was a founding Senior Research Scholar in both the Kennedy Institute of Ethics and the Center for Clinical Bioethics at the same university. Currently he is Director of the Project for the Study of the Culture of Care. He earned the S.T.D. (Doctor of Sacred Theology) degree in 1962 at the Gregorian University in Rome, where he studied under Josef Fuchs, SJ, and did post-doctoral studies at the University of Würzburg. After teaching Moral Theology at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., he accepted a position at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, where he developed the award-winning Encyclopedia of Bioethics (1978); he also served as editor-in-chief of the 5-volume revised edition (1995). Beginning in 1977 he was Professor of Bioethics at the University's School of Medicine, where he founded its program in bioethics and medical humanities, which he directed until his retirement in 1997. He has also served recently as visiting professor, research scholar, and lecturer at a number of universities, for example, in Bonn, Copenhagen, Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Caracas, Tübingen, Freiburg, Messina, Padua, Rome, Genoa, Madrid, Leuven, Tokyo, Seoul, and Philadelphia.

Source: http://bioethics.edinboro.edu/

See also: Bretzke, James T., S.J. Bioethics Bibliography.
http://www.usfca.edu/fac-staff/bretzkesj/BioethicsBibliography.pdf

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