Article about the "Doping Athletes" by T. Pacholczyk

I recently found excellent article about "Doping Athletes" by T. Pacholczyk, The National Catholic Bioethics Center. Here is part of it: "The use of performance-enhancing drugs by professional athletes not only leads to serious challenges in maintaining a level playing field in competitive sports but also raises broader ethical issues and concerns.
Some of these concerns were highlighted in 2015 when the former world number one tennis star Maria Sharapova was banned from competitive play for two years by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) after she tested positive for the banned substance meldonium. The Court of Arbitration for Sport subsequently reduced her sentence to 15 months. Meldonium, an over-the-counter Latvian drug known to dilate blood vessels and increase the flow of blood, may contribute to improving an athlete’s physical endurance. Her case was made more complicated by her claim that she was taking the drug for health reasons, a claim viewed with skepticism among other athletes and ultimately rejected by the Independent Tribunal appointed by the ITF to review the case. Former British Olympic sprinter and world championship bronze medalist Craig Pickering described the real pressure that top athletes can face:
I would bet my life savings that Sharapova was taking this medication because of its purported performance enhancing effects… Athletes are always going to push the boundaries in order to have a chance at success. That is what happens when you introduce competition.
In competitive athletics, the supposition is that competitors are beginning on a par with each other, which means that no one has an “unfair” or “unjust” advantage over another going into the competition. At the starting line, they arrive as equals in the sense that they arrive with whatever they were endowed with at birth, and whatever they may have managed to become through practice, hard work, and discipline."

For more see at https://www.ncbcenter.org/files/9414/9728/1328/MSOB143_Doping_Athletes.pdf



RE: 'No solid evidence' for IVF add-on success

For those interested in IVF bussiness and ethics I would like to offer interested article titled: "No solid evidence' for IVF add-on success". BBC Panorama research suggests there is no hard evidence IVF add-ons increase pregnancy chances.

"Nearly all costly add-on treatments offered by UK fertility clinics to increase the chance of a birth through IVF are not supported by high-quality evidence proving that they work, a study has revealed.
The findings are the result of research commissioned by BBC Panorama and conducted by Oxford University's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, world experts in assessing medical studies.
On average, only one in four cycles of IVF (in vitro fertilisation) across all age groups results in a live birth.
Many clinics offer add-ons, treatments on top of standard IVF, in an attempt to boost the chances of having a baby.


The Oxford team spent a year searching for every claim made about each treatment available at UK clinics and researched more than 70 websites - identifying 27 treatments that are considered to be add-ons.
However, its research found that 26 of them were not backed up by good scientific evidence of success.
The treatments include genetic screening tests, additional drugs, blood tests to measure the immune system and special devices to house an embryo. They can cost from £100 up to £3,500 each on top of the costs of IVF".

For more: http://www.bbc.com/news/health-38094618#share-tools


Art of Dying Well - Umění dobré smrti

For those interested in end-of-life issues but also for all of us:

The Art of Dying Well website was devised and commissioned by the Catholic Church of England and Wales.

The Catholic Church has an interest in helping those faced with the prospect of death and dying. We believe that death opens the way to new life. For us, in dying, we close our eyes for the last time here, in order to be able to really see for the first time there.

After centuries of ministering to the dying, the Catholic Church has a fund of experience to share in what was traditionally called the art of dying well, or in Latin, Ars Moriendi. We sense that this is good time to look afresh at that tradition.

After centuries of ministering to the dying, the Catholic Church has a fund of experience to share in what was traditionally called the art of dying well, or in Latin, Ars Moriendi. We sense that this is good time to look afresh at that tradition.

The underlying ethos of the art of dying well applies just as well to anyone of any, or no faith, undergoing the final journey. All of us will fall, all of us will need help, and all of us can use the experience we gain in helping people on the climb creatively for the good of others.

Dying well means different things to us all. Death is an individual experience, but a community of accompaniment on the journey can help us to prepare by bringing consolation and spiritual peace.

And more at:  http://www.artofdyingwell.org/

CZ translation: "Katoličtí biskupové Anglie a Walesu zpřístupnili na internetu nové stránky nadepsané „Umění dobré smrti“ (Art of Dying Well). Lze na nich najít řadu duchovních rad i článků z praktické oblasti péče o umírající, osobní svědectví i slova povzbuzení, pro ty, kdo ztratili své blízké. Zakládají se na zkušenosti nemocničních kaplanů, lékařů i dalších lidí, kteří měli možnost nahlédnout do této oblasti." (http://radiovaticana.cz/clanek_print.php4?id=24690)

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The Historic Christian Teaching Against Contraception: A Defense

I just find an interesting article titled The Historic Christian Teaching Against Contraception: A Defense
which I highly recomend for those interested in specific issue in sexual ethics.

"The Catholic Church’s teaching on contraception, common to all Christian denominations for 1900 years, is
not arbitrary. It reflects a moral truth. And the Catholic Church can never revise it. Forty-eight years ago last month, our story reached a dramatic climax. But it began in the dawn of Christianity, with a document called the Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (or Didache). Written thirty to fifty years after Christ’s death, it gives the earliest evidence of a Christian condemnation of contraception. For the next 1900 years, it was the view of every Christian body—East and West, Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox—that contraception by spouses was immoral. (Its use outside of marriage wasn’t much discussed since non-marital sex was deemed sinful anyway.) It was even denounced, vociferously, by Reformers such as Luther and Calvin. In 1930, but only then, a single Protestant denomination cracked open the door to spousal contraception—but only for serious reasons. Soon, however, that and almost every other denomination had flung it wide open.

And the Catholic Church held firm. As the sexual revolution spread and “population bomb” panic swept the West, there were rumors and fervent hopes that the Church would change. The birth control pill had just been invented, and some thought it different in kind from condoms and other barriers. Perhaps (they reasoned) it wasn’t really contraceptive. A commission established by Pope Paul VI to study the question tried to split the difference. Its 1966 report concluded that any effort to sterilize spouses’ sex acts would fall within the ancient teaching against contraception; but it urged abandoning that teaching....."

More at http://www.thepublicdiscourse.com/2016/08/17559/



Archbishop Zimowski, Friend of the NCBC, Passes

Very sad news. Great a scholar, a true pastor, and a gentle soul who was filled with concern for the sick and the suffering Msgr. Archbishop Zimowski died July 12, 2016. More at:

National Catholic Bioethics Center :: Archbishop Zimowski, Friend of the NCBC, Passes


Last Dreams - Poslední sny

If you are interested in topic like  death, dying and human dignity, than I would strongly recommend this movie: "Last Dreams - Poslední sny" /Estephan Wagner /Dánsko/2013/59 min./.

"Hanne wonders about contacting her daughter in an attempt to reconcile. Britt would like to see her lifelong friend from Norway one last time. Myrna wants to spend her final moments with her husband, and to stand up once more and feel the sun on her face. Can they all fulfil their wishes? This intimate portrait of three women during the last weeks of their lives in a Danish hospice opens up a topic that is still taboo in the Czech Republic. Although the death of our loved ones is full of hardship, the director shows that empathetic nurses, psychologists and priests can help us be prepared. A touching and sensitively made film showing that our final journey can be taken with dignity."

More at: http://www.oneworld.cz/pit/films/33
See also review at: http://www.final-cut.dk/films2.php?mit_indhold_id=3&films_id=14 

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Children with three genetic parents

Such an interesting debate in bioethics today. It is the subject of considerable controversy in the field of bioethics... My question is: are we playing God?

What is the mitochondrial treatment performed in the UK? Will have a child patient three parents? Will the law authorizing the adoption of this type of interventions to break the religious and political taboos? What are the risks implied and what new therapies bring?

The legal, ethical and scientific dimensions of the new gene therapy session will discuss Havran dinner with former constitutional judge Professor John Drgonec, a bioethicist and professor Joseph Glasa, physician and biologist and philosopher Professor Peter Sykora.

More at http://www.rtvs.sk/televizia/archiv/7865/61574

See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-parent_baby

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