The development of a vaccine against COVID-19

"Since the start of the Coronavirus outbreak, thousands of people have either fallen ill or lost their lives to this virulent virus. Medical services have also been stretched to their limits. Hopes are being pinned on the development of a vaccine to protect society from the disease".* More and more questions concern about the a potential and the ethical issues surrounding the development and distribution of a vaccine.

*More at: https://www.vaticannews.va/en/church/news/2020-09/uk-bishops-on-ethical-concerns-of-potential-covid-19-vaccine.html

**Further reading: https://www.catholicweekly.com.au/archbishop-fisher-op-lets-not-create-an-ethical-dilemma/ ; http://www.bioethics.org.uk/images/user/covidbriefing2.pdf; https://lozierinstitute.org/an-ethics-assessment-of-covid-19-vaccine-programs/

***COMECE  - https://www.tkkbs.sk/view.php?cisloclanku=20201123034;

****USCCB - https://www.catholicnews.com/use-of-pfizer-moderna-covid-19-vaccines-is-morally-acceptable-say-bishops/

*****KBS: https://www.kbs.sk/obsah/sekcia/h/dokumenty-a-vyhlasenia/p/dokumenty-kbs/c/stanovisko-konferencie-biskupov-slovenska-k-ockovaniu-proti-covid-19, 



Picture: https://theconversation.com/infecting-a-volunteer-with-coronavirus-to-develop-a-vaccine-heres-what-consent-should-look-like-139884

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Samaritanus bonus

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith announced the publication of a Letter approved by Pope Francis on 25 June and entitled Samaritanus bonus ("The Good Samaritan"): On the Care of Persons in the Critical and Terminal Phases of Life”. It bears 14 July as its publication date, in honor of St Camillus de Lellis, the patron saint of the sick, hospitals, nurses and physicians.

More at:https://www.vaticannews.va/en/vatican-city/news/2020-09/samaritanus-bonus-summary-cdf-doctrine-faith-euthanasia-suicide.print.html

See also: https://www.vaticannews.va/en/vatican-city/news/2020-09/samaritanus-bonus-congregation-faith-cdf-letter-care-of-persons.html


Ethics resources for responding to novel coronavirus Covid-19.

Are you looking for ethics resources for responding to novel coronavirus Covid-19 like myself? Here is what I found:

1. The Hastings Center has assembled ethics resources for responding to novel coronavirus Covid-19. The Hastings Center developed a resource for health care institutions and ethics services to support leadership and practice during the emergency. More at: https://www.thehastingscenter.org/ethics-resources-on-the-coronavirus/

2. Bioethics.net has assembled a bioethics toolkit for people dealing with COVID-19. More at: http://www.bioethics.net/tags/covid-19/

3. The American Journal of Bioethics. More at https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265161.2020.1764143

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The ethical issues that have emerged caused by the COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2

The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity  has compiled a page containing information relevant to the current pandemic. It includes a brief overview, an introduction to at least a few of the ethical issues that have emerged, information on books and resources that are relevant to these issues, and a section on new articles that have been generated to address these issues in the specific context of coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2.

See more at https://cbhd.org/content/coronavirus-explanations-and-ethical-issues

See also: https://cbhd.org/content/criteria-allocation-limited-healthcare-resources-timeless-challenge-coronavirus-covid-19

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Managing Ethical Issues in Infectious Disease Outbreaks

I recently found very insightful book by WHO on Managing Ethical Issues in Infectious Disease Outbreaks. Authors seeks to assist policy-makers, health care providers, researchers, and others prepare for outbreak situations by anticipating and preparing for the critical ethical issues likely to arise. Infectious disease outbreaks are frequently characterized by scientific uncertainty, social and institutional disruption, and an overall climate of fear and distrust. Policy makers and public health professionals may be forced to weigh and prioritize potentially competing ethical values in the face of severe time and resource constraints.

More at: https://www.who.int/ethics/publications/infectious-disease-outbreaks/en/

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On medical conscience

I recently found very insightful paper on medical conscience written by Oderberg. Author begins his paper with an analysis of the analogy between medical conscience and conscientious objection in wartime, and then he examines various possible grounds for distinguishing between medicine and other professional contexts. I strongly recommend this paper for those interested in topic on medical conscience.

"The vigorous legal and ethical debates over conscientious objection have taken place largely within the domain of health care. Is this because conscience in medicine is of a special kind, or are there other reasons why it tends to dominate these debates?" More at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31405364

Below are relevant articles that may interest you:
- https://read.qxmd.com/read/31405364/how-special-is-medical-conscience
- https://read.qxmd.com/read/28219284/conscientious-objection-understanding-the-right-of-conscience-in-health-and-healthcare-practice
- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29608648

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​Rediscovering self-giving for more humane health care

The mentality of self-giving must inspire the activity of those who work alongside the sick and suffering, especially in Catholic healthcare facilities. Recognizing that “each of us is poor, needy and destitute”, the Pope observes that only “if we see ourselves, not as a world apart, but in a fraternal relationship with others, can we develop a social practice of solidarity aimed at the common good”. Therefore, “we should not be afraid to regard ourselves as needy or reliant on others, because individually and by our own efforts we cannot overcome our limitations”.


Euthanasia promotes a utilitarian vision of the human person

The Italian Association of Medical Oncology was founded in 1973. It is one of many such associations around the world, all dedicated to the treatment of cancer, and to providing medical care to people diagnosed with the disease. In his address, Pope Francis praised the Association for “encouraging research and prevention, working to improve diagnosis and treatment, and developing numerous initiatives to update and train doctors and other operators in the oncology sector”.

Fostering relationships

“Creating and fostering relationships is an essential commitment to building the common good”, said the Pope, before commenting on the fact that both doctors and patients were present at the audience in the Vatican. “The choice of participating together in this meeting”, he said, “represents a strong message and an eloquent sign not only for the world of health care, but for the whole of society, called to renew itself in a fraternal and supportive way”.

An oncology of mercy

The Association’s National Congress has as its theme: “The best care for each patient”. The Pope called this “an oncology of mercy”, because the effort to personalize treatment reveals an attention “not only to the disease, but to the patient and to his or her characteristics”, he said. “An oncology of this kind goes beyond the application of protocols and reveals the use of technology that is at the service of people”.

Technology and euthanasia

“Technology is not at the service of man when it reduces him to one thing, when it distinguishes between those who still deserve to be cared for and those who do not”, continued Pope Francis. “The practice of euthanasia only apparently aims to promote personal freedom”, he said. “In reality, it is based on a utilitarian vision of the person”.

A healthy environment

The best prevention, concluded Pope Francis, “is that of a healthy environment and a lifestyle respectful of the human body and its laws”. This is why we must respect our common home, he said, “because it respects us in turn. The protection of the environment and the fight against cancer become two sides of the same problem, two complementary aspects of the same battle of civilization and humanity”.

More at: https://www.vaticannews.va/en/pope/news/2019-09/pope-oncologists-cancer-treatment-personalized.html, 02 September 2019, 12:56

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